STANDESREGELN DER CHARTAUNTERZEICHNER
Fundamental Concepts of Fate Analysis
by Friedjung Jüttner, Philip Seidel,
in collaboration with Hans Ziegler and Zula Lakner-Faingold
The term Fate Analysis in this context is a
generic term used to describe Fate Psychology (its theory) on
one hand, and its practical application on the other hand, i.e.
Fate Therapy or Fate Analysis in the narrower sense of the term.
Fate Analysis as a branch of Depth Psychology
Fate Analysis (in a more general sense) is
a branch of Depth Psychology. It is founded on the Psychoanalysis
of Sigmund Freud and spans a bridge to the complex psychology
of C.G. Jung. The relation and importance of these three theories
is given by the sequence just mentioned. In practice this means
that firstly the emphasis is on the analysis of the personal subconscious,
which manifests itself in the symptoms and character features
of a person. Only then the familiar subconscious, which expresses
itself in the different forms of choice of a person, becomes the
center of attention and finally the collective unconscious, the
language of which are the symbols, can be treated.
Besides this integrative intention, which bridges
the three schools, Fate Analysis has complemented depth psychology
by the following developments, which are part of its fundamental
Essential features of Fate Psychology
The drive or need system
A drive is a biopsychic phenomenon, which goes
back to radicals, i.e. to the roots which condition and maintain
human existence. These root factors cannot be measured on a time
scale, they are always present in human experience and behavior,
and their contents are not specific, which means they vary in
their manifestations (Szondi 1972, 25).
The importance of the drive system lies in
the possibility of attributing psychic phenomenon and also primal
- to individual radicals and to drive circles,
the features ranging from biological to human, from healthy to
- It is also useful for a better understanding
of their dynamics.
- Dialectically, it helps to describe them
as cleavages or disintegrations and complementary supplements.
- To bring them into relation as exchangeable
contents with determined, in each case constant functions and
to be able to distinguish between the two (content and function).
The theory of the ego
Fate psychology makes a distinction between
the Drive ego and the Pontifex ego.
The Drive ego with the four functions
projection, inflation, introjection and negation is given collectively,
yet modified by hereditary-familial factors and also determined
individually by the interaction with the environment. It represents
the subconscious, emotionally-dynamic part of the ego.
The Pontifex ego is defined by three
further functions, the transcendental, the integral and participating
functions and stands for the more cognitive-valuating part of
These three Pontifex-Ego-functions describe
the fundamental steps of a therapeutic process and therefore its
efficiency factors. The therapeutic working-through is applied
The familial subconscious
Fate Analysis complemented the discovery of
the personal unconscious of Psychoanalysis with the familial unconscious.
At first, Szondi called the contents of this familial unconscious
ancestors, which strive to take shape again in the life of a descendant.
Thus, ancestors are equivalent to the possible forms of existence
of a person, which can also be defined as drive syndroms.
The dialectic structure of the psyche or the
contradictory drives demand an integrative efficiency. The success
or failure of the solution of the antagonistic drives influences
the mental equilibrium or its disorders. Even if certain inclinations
are inherited, they are nevertheless personally readjustable by
conscious determination (Szondi 1952, 28; 1956a, 105).
The effect of the familial unconscious is reflected
in the different forms of choice of a person (genotropism). In
this case it is mainly a question of acts of choice in regard
to love and friendship as well as the choice of profession, illnesses
and possibly also of the choice of death.
The theory of the ancestors and their claims
lead to the assumption of a compulsive fate. This compulsive fate,
however, can become a personally chosen fate because of the relative
freedom of the ego.
Practice of fate analysis
The following enumeration refers to fate analysis
in a narrow sense, that is on the therapy.
This serves to make a diagnosis and indication,
and in general comprises an interview, a curriculum vitae, description
of the genogram and a Szondi test.
The personal unconscious is analysed on the
basis of Psychoanalysis, including transference and counter-transference,
resistance, interpretation, working-through and abstinence.
Subsequent to the psychoanalytical phase, the
familial unconscious comes into consideration, by the help of
passive associative methods and dream interpretation (Szondi 1963,
137 - 138), including transference, counter-transference, resistance,
interpretation and working-through. If the contents of the familial
unconscious cannot be experienced in a relation with an interlocutor
(transference) while they are still symptomatologically relevant,
or if they cannot be experienced sufficiently, therapy provokes
the experience of the familial contradictory drives or of the
claims of the ancestors by active methods. They can be summarized
by the term confrontation as a complement to interpretation -
as a compliment to interpretation -and according to situation
and personality of the therapist they can be applied more or less
strongly and intensively. They comprise the repetitive, iterative
and shock associative techniques (Szondi 1963, 149-190; Kürsteiner
1987, 195-225) and the confrontation with the possibilities of
existence given in the genogram and the Szondi-test. This is followed
by an ego-analysis, with the aim of becoming a human being (Szondi